Guitar tuning is the first thing you need to do, before playing your guitar.
The easiest way to tune your guitar of course is to buy a guitar tuner. You can tune your guitar very precisely with guitar tuner (quality guitar tuners cost less than $30 nowadays).
Guitar tuning itís not that easy if you donít have a guitar tuner, but once you get the hang of it itís simple. This article discusses what is usually called standard guitar tuning E-A-D-G-B-E. The standard guitar tuning is the most popular tuning and the majority of the guitar players use it. Of course you can tune your guitar in many different ways, as a matter of fact you can play your guitar out of tune if you want to J. For alternative guitar tunings, check the following site: http://www.museweb.com/ag/tunings/tunings.txt.
The guitar tuning starts with standard pitch reference (you can use tuning fork, harmonica, piano, etc.) to give you the correct note for the lowest string E (the 6th string).
The next guitar tuning step is to press the 6th E string at the 5th fret to give you the note for the 5th string A. Then you repeat the process, pressing 5th fret on 5th A string and tune the 4th D string. Next press 5th fret on 4th D string and tune the 3rd G string. Next press 4th fret on 3rd G string and tune the 2nd B string. At the last guitar tuning step press 5th B string on 5th fret and tune the 1st E string.
You should have a perfectly tuned guitar now.
Always start below the desired note and tune up to pitch not down to pitch, when tuning guitar strings. Tuning the guitar this way will help prevent the strings from going flat even after intensive play.